Quick Overview of Bitcoin

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is the maiden cryptocurrency, supported by the foremost blockchain.

It was created in 2008 by person(s) unknown named Satoshi Nakamoto, shortly after they published an academic journal composition entitled ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’. This composition not only put forward the idea of cryptocurrency, but also detailed exactly how a blockchain would work. It is Nakamoto’s paper that introduced blockchain technology to the earth.

In order to grasp Bitcoin, it’s important to understand why it was produced and where it originated from. Continue reading and we’ll take you through all the details you need to know, before moving on to explaining how Bitcoin works, how you can purchase straight away, and how you can use it at present.

Who or what created Bitcoin?

No one knows for certain. In 2008 an academic journal composition was published called ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’, with the author listed as Satoshi Nakamoto. Nakamoto was also responsible for writing the law of the Bitcoin blockchain and creating its first ever ‘block’ of deals.

There has been an enduring riddle about who this person is, or whether it is in fact (as numerous believe) an alias for a group of people. Despite several attempts to uncover the verity, and a number of individuals coming out in public professing to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the identity of the person(s) behind Bitcoin still remains a riddle.

Why was it created?

There are several implicit reasons for this, but the event that clearly did most to impact the creation of Bitcoin was the 2008 fiscal crash. On the first block of the Bitcoin blockchain (the ‘Genesis block’), Satoshi Nakamoto cited an composition from The Times named ‘Chancellor on point of alternate bailout for banks’.

It appears that Satoshi Nakamoto’s creation of the first Bitcoin block was a direct response to their own unhappiness with the global fiscal system in the wake of the crash. Through the creation of an entire new sort of decentralised currency, the immense power of ‘too big to fail’ banks might be challenged.

Who owns the Bitcoin blockchain?

Nobody owns the Bitcoin blockchain. The nature of a blockchain is to be decentralised, which means that no one person, group, or outfit controls it.

On a technical level, the Bitcoin blockchain is a form of open-source software, meaning that it is controlled by its end users, who bounce on any proposed changes to the law through direct participation (like the football game with no adjudicator in section 1 above). People can freely look at the algorithm of the blockchain and suggest edits to it, but updates needs an ‘economic majority’ to be successfully integrated.

Just like any app on your phone, updates are made to the blockchain to help it work more efficiently, increase security, or any other advancements it may need. Still, when streamlining an app, it’s the company that owns it that will decide and legislate the updates; with Bitcoin, only updates that the mass of end users agree to are enforced.

This popular approach to the operation of Bitcoin is not only what differentiate it from the global banking system, but is also a core element of how Bitcoin works.

How Does Bitcoin Work?

Bitcoin deals are not recorded by banks but on a public blockchain. This is simpler than it appears and this companion explains the process in simple steps.

How Are Bitcoins Transferred?

Imagine sending someone (e.g. your friend John) an email that reads ‘1 bitcoin’. You would:

Log into your email account

Enter John’s email address

Type ‘1 bitcoin’ into the body of the e-mail

Hit send

John would encounter a message reading ‘1 bitcoin’

A bitcoin transfer works in a similar way, but instead of email accounts you and John each have ‘holdalls’. If you were sending 1 bitcoin to John, he would receive 1 bitcoin in his holdall, rather than an email in his inbox.

From an end user’s perspective, holdalls serve like dispatch accounts, but they are much more secure. Each portmanteau has a public address used to shoot and admit bitcoin (like your dispatch address), and a ‘private key’ used to access your funds (like your password).

A bitcoin holdall public address (also known as a ‘public key’ or ‘holdall address’) is comprised of a string of 26-35 letters and figures, starting with figures 1 or 3. Here’s an illustration of a bitcoin holdall address:


End users of the blockchain can transfer finances to your holdall by entering your public address, and if you transfer bitcoin to somewhere else it will be recorded on the blockchain as having been transferred from your holdall address.

Private keys are similar to your password. They are what enable you to hold the bitcoin you have received, and move bitcoins to other holdalls. But private keys are far more secure than email passwords. Private keys take the shape of a 64 character long string of letters (A-F) and numbers (0-9). Here’s an illustration of one:



So, if you wanted to make a payment to John, you would first need to have your holdall’s private key to gain access to your bitcoin holdall and the finances held within it. You can also choose to move funds from your holdall to John’s through entering his wallet’s public address.

The deal will then be openly recorded on the blockchain as a transfer of one bitcoin from your wallet to John’s.

Can You Possess Less Than One Bitcoin?

Yes you can. Bitcoins are separable, and can be broken up into fragments of about 8 decimal places. The lowest bit of a bitcoin that you can store on a holdall, or to transfer to others is 0.00000001 BTC (one hundred millionth of a bitcoin), which is known as a ‘satoshi’.

The divisibility of bitcoin works just an equivalent as regular currency. In the UK, the currency is pounds, but you’ll get 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, and 1p pieces

What Is Bitcoin Mining?

Mining is the process that verifies the legality of bitcoin deals and adds them to the Bitcoin blockchain in the form of new blocks.

Remember the football players from the game in section 1 above, who kept score of the game without the need for a adjudicator? They’re the miners: the end users of the blockchain who corroborate deals without a central authority calling the shots.

When it comes to bitcoin, mining involves computers contending to solve numerical equations in a process known as ‘mincing’.

To imagine how mining works, it’s stylish to fantasize a situation where multiple people are working on solving 5 by 5 rubik’s cell, where the first person to complete the cell is rewarded with £100.

With mining, rather than working a rubik’s cell, miners are working on confirming bitcoin deals, grouping them into blocks, and adding them to the blockchain. Once this process is complete, in place of £100, the successful miner is awarded a set quantum of bitcoins as a ‘block price’. This reward is what encourages several people to take part in bitcoin mining, which is what keeps the blockchain decentralised.

The mathematics behind mining are complicated, and it is not necessary to understand them completely in order to use and spend bitcoin – just as you do not have to be able to make a computer in order to use one, or understand investment banking to have a debit account.

How To Acquire and Hold Bitcoin

How do I actually purchase some bitcoin?

If you’re looking to shop for bitcoin with the cash in your checking account , the simplest and easiest option is to use a brokerage.

A bitcoin brokerage is basically an online bureau de change for bitcoin. Brokerage platforms vend bitcoin at a fixed price, depending on the time and date of the sale. Just like when swapping pounds for euros at the airport, the price at which you can buy bitcoin from a brokerage will be set by the current exchange rate, plus whatever commission the broker charges for swapping your funds.

Because of their commission rates, brokerages are the most straightforward way to buy bitcoin but not inescapably the cheapest. To find the stylish price, trading bitcoin on an exchange is your stylish option. This will be explained in section 4, but first you’ll need to know how to store any bitcoins that you purchase.

How Do I Store My Bitcoins In a Holdall?

In order to store bitcoin, you’ll need a bitcoin holdall. In section 3 we’ve learnt what bitcoin holdalls are, how they work, and their significance in the movement of bitcoin, so now let’s run through the different types of holdall that you can get.

There are 5 different types of holdalls: online holdalls, desktop holdalls, mobile holdalls, paper holdalls, and tackle holdalls. Each holdall type functions as an account to store your bitcoins, and enables you both to move bitcoin to, and receive it from, other holdalls. 

The difference between the different types of holdall is in the way they secure your private keys (basically your password that allows you to move bitcoin out of your holdall).

How Do I Begin Trading With Bitcoin?

Still, also your two main options are exchanges and broker platforms, If you want to trade bitcoin. These platforms are more complicated than brokerages, but give further options for making profit out of bitcoin. The only difference between the two is that exchanges bear you to enjoy and store the bitcoins you ’re trading in a portmanteau, whereas CFDs do this for you.

Trading bitcoin with the above mentioned platforms is analogous to regular day-trading. End users can try to benefit through making trades around the price oscillations of bitcoin, just like with any other store of value like gold or regular edict currency (pounds, euros, dollars).

On exchanges you’ll be trading your bitcoins directly for other cryptocurrencies, and on CFD platforms you’re principally making bets with the trading platform about whether the price of bitcoin will rise or fall. For this reason, you’ll need an holdall to use an exchange, but not to trade on a CFD platform.

As mentioned, these platforms are more complicated to use than brokerages, so it’s recommended to read our runners detailing how CFD platforms and exchanges work, which will guide you through the process and assist you start trading for profit – if that’s how you would like to use bitcoin.


That is pretty much all you need to know about Bitcoin, its history, how it works and how you can benefit from trading it.